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Mobile Physiotherapy in individuals with genetic disorders

What are Genetic Disorders?

Genetic disorders are conditions caused by changes or mutations in an individual’s DNA. These alterations can affect the structure or function of specific genes, leading to abnormalities in the development and functioning of various organs or systems in the body. Genetic disorders can be inherited from one or both parents or may occur spontaneously due to new mutations.

There are several types of genetic disorders, and they can manifest in various ways, including:

Single Gene Disorders– e.g. cystic fibrosis, sickle cell anemia, Huntington’s disease.

Chromosomal Disorders– e.g. Down syndrome, Turner syndrome, Klinefelter syndrome.

Multifactorial Disorders– e.g. heart disease, diabetes, and certain types of cancer.

Mitochondrial Disorders– e.g. mitochondrial myopathy and Leigh syndrome.

Genetic disorders can affect individuals in different ways, ranging from mild to severe. Some may be apparent at birth, while others may only become evident later in life. Other diseases are caused by acquired mutations in a gene or group of genes that occur during a person’s life. Such mutations occur either randomly or due to some environmental exposure (e.g. cigarette smoke). These include many cancers, as well as some forms of neurofibromatosis. Genetic testing, family history analysis, and medical examinations are often used to diagnose these disorders.

How does Mobile Physiotherapy assist Individuals who have Genetic Disorders?

Mobile physiotherapy services are very similar to in-clinic physiotherapy, where individuals are required to perform exercises, stretches, and other activities to assess and identify their mobility. The primary difference between the two types of physiotherapy services is that mobile physiotherapy occurs in the comfort of the individual’s home environment. After assessing the individual’s mobility and identifying areas of concern, physiotherapists will develop personalised treatment plans to assist with improving mobility, strength, endurance, balance, and coordination and/or reduce pain, inflammation, and stiffness.

For individuals with genetic disorders, mobile physiotherapy provides prominent benefits that cannot be achieved via in-clinic therapy.

The first and most obvious benefit of mobile physiotherapy is that it offers flexibility in scheduling, accommodating the specific needs and energy levels of individuals with genetic disorders, who may have varying health conditions. Additionally, individuals will not need to worry about obstacles associated with travel and time constraints. This will increase accessibility and convenience for the individuals. Further, by conducting the sessions in a familiar and comfortable setting, assists with reducing the feelings of stress and anxiety associated with having to familiarise themselves in a new space. This can contribute to better engagement and cooperation levels during the sessions. Studies have associated home-based physiotherapy with moderate to high levels of engagement and patient satisfaction, as well as inducing functional/ locomotor improvement, in both walking and balance.

As well as this, the physiotherapists are able to observe the individuals in their home environments, and hence gain a better understanding of the individual’s specific mobility challenges and goals within the space. This provides 2 benefits for the individual:

1. A personalised exercise plan tailored to directly align with the individual’s daily activities and incorporates functional activities within the home environment, hence ensuring that exercises are applicable to daily life, and exercise equipment (or their substitutions) is readily available in the home. This assists with consistent and more effective rehabilitation by promoting the transfer of skills learned during physiotherapy sessions to real-world scenarios. Physiotherapists will also be able to observe how the individual performs daily activities and make adjustments to the treatment plan accordingly, allowing for consistent progress in achievement of the individual’s goals.

2. Physiotherapists are able to consistently observe the home environment and recommend adaptive modifications if necessary to enhance accessibility and safety. E.g. changes to furniture arrangement, installing handrails, or recommending assistive devices.

Another great benefit of mobile physiotherapy is the incorporation of family and support members into in-home physiotherapy sessions. By educating both the individuals and their carers/ support persons, it ensures active engagement by providing additional support and encouragement for the individual, consequently increasing the effectiveness of the treatment plan. This is crucial as a continuum of the rehabilitation process is crucial for individuals with chronic conditions to achieve and maintain desired positive outcomes, as well as slow down / prevent deterioration associated with the genetic disorder.

In summary, mobile physiotherapy sessions offer a person-centered approach, addressing the specific needs and challenges associated with genetic disorders in the context of the individual’s home environment. This approach aims to enhance comfort, convenience, and the overall effectiveness of the rehabilitation process.

What Mobile Physiotherapy services does AH2U Provide?
If you are after a Mobile Physiotherapist or a Mobile Paediatric Physiotherapist, you can get in touch here.

Allied Health 2U

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